Ulpiana was an ancient Illyrian/ Roman settlement known as Justiniana Secunda located in what is now in Gračanica, the region of Prishtina. The traces of civilization here are really prehistorical, back to the Bronze/Iron age. It shows an Urbanized center of Kingdom of Dardania which was invaded by Romans by the end of 1st Century AC, which reached its peak of development during the 3rd and 4th century AC.
Ulpiana was one of the main centers in Geo-strategic positions between Rome and Constantinople and next to rich mines of precious minerals and fertile land. The antique Roman /Byzantine town of Ulpiana presents one of the most important archaeological sites in Kosovo.